Nymphenburg porcelain dating
Traditional East Asian thinking only classifies pottery into low-fired wares (earthenware) and high-fired wares (porcelain), without the intermediate European class of stoneware, and the many local types of stoneware were mostly classed as porcelain, though often not white and translucent.Terms such as "porcellaneous" or "near-porcelain" may be used in such cases.The characters are depicted in extremely elegant, slightly exaggerated poses that suggest movements in a dance and yet simultaneously convey some aspect of the character's personality.Catalina von Pannwitz (by descent) ; Walter von Pannwitz , Berlin (until d.
In the 19th century, the focus of production shifted towards the technical and medical fields, however, the product range continued to include fine tableware.A new market opened up for the production of more robust Hotel porcelain, with which primarily monasteries were supplied.In the eighteenth century, porcelain figures depicting characters from the Italian commedia dell'arte were extremely popular.Its manufacturing process is more demanding than that for earthenware and stoneware, the two other main types of pottery, and it has usually been regarded as the most prestigious type of pottery for its delicacy, strength, and its white colour.It combines well with both glazes and paint, and can be modelled very well, allowing a huge range of decorative treatments in tablewares, vessels and figurines. The European name, porcelain in English, come from the old Italian porcellana (cowrie shell) because of its resemblance to the translucent surface of the shell.
The various characters that comprised a typical Italian comedy troupe were instantly recognizable to the audience because of their costumes, and the details of these costumes were faithfully copied in the porcelain figures.